Using GRASS for stream-network extraction and basins delineation
The first step towards modeling hydrological features is delineating a comprehensive hydrography network. DEMs at different spatial resolutions allow for the identification of stream channels, using a variety of flow-routing algorithms. Such algorithms are based on the observation that water follows the steepest and shortest route along a relief, and accumulates in valleys, lowlands, flat areas and depressions. Several algorithms have been proposed for stream network routing. These algorithms proceed in several stages: determining flow directions, resolving depressions and flat areas, and finally, calculating flow accumulation.